Metabolite extraction from supernatant cells¶
Contributed by Martin Fitzpatrick, University of Birmingham, United Kingdom
Methanol/Chloroform extraction of whole cell small molecular weight metabolites from cells in suspension.
- Pre-chill methanol on dry-ice
- Transfer cell culture to 15ml tube to wash.
- Centrifuge at 1500rpm for 5 minutes to pellet. Add 5ml pre-warmed PBS, resuspend and repeat x2
- Centrifuge at 1500rpm for 5 minutes to pellet. Resuspend in 1ml pre-warmed PBS.
- Transfer cells to champagne flute glass vials. Centrifuge at 1200rpm for 5 minutes to pellet.
- Pre-chill centrifuge to 4’C.
Pre-chill chloroform and dH20 on wet ice.
- Completely remove supernatant PBS, then resuspend pellet in 400ul pre-chilled methanol. Place glass vials on dry ice to freeze rapidly.
OPTIONAL: Samples may now be stored at -80’C until required.
- Pipette 325ul dH20 via pipette onto each sample.
- Syringe 400ul chloroform via Hamilton syringe onto each sample (chloroform will digest plastic).
- Keep samples at 4’C for 10 minutes to allow phases to separate.
- Centrifuge at 1200rpm for 10 minutes at 4’C in swingout rotor.
- Transfer vials to the bench at room temperature for 5 minutes.
- Remove ~400ul upper (polar) layer into eppendorf using by pipette.
- Remove ~200ul lower (non-polar) layer into glass vials using Hamilton syringe.
- To dry samples for re-suspension in analysis buffer, place samples in vacuum dryer. Polar fraction will dry within 3-4 hours.